Grammar Lessons 23 and 24

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i-can-see-you

You’re here. I can see YOU.

see-the-tree

It’s a tree. I can see the tree. I can see IT.

QUESTIONS

george-brown

I know Mr Brown and he knows ME.

good-looking

He’s good-looking. I like HIM.

The Smiths
(Mr and Mrs Smith)

the-smiths

The Smiths: We’re visiting the BELLS
The Bells: They’re visiting US.

I know him and he knows me.
You know me and I know you.
I visit my, friends and they visit me.
He calls his dog and it comes to him.
They know their uncle and he knows them.
She calls her children and they come to her.
You can do your work well, so the teacher likes you.

shes-pretty

She’s pretty. I like HER.

present-for-you

You‘re 21 today. It’s your birthday.
Here’s a present for you.

golf

He’s playing golf very well, so we’re looking at him.

work-for-him

He‘s my boss. I work for him.

singing-beautifully

She‘s singing beautifully, so we’re listening to her.

waiting-for-us

Hurry up! We’re too slow!
They’re waiting for us.

running-to-the-postman

They‘re running to the postman.
He has letters for them.

the-bus

There’s the bus. It’s waiting.
Children are getting out of it.

hat-off

I’m taking this hat off.
It’s too large for me.

We’ll go to the zoo with them. He’s going to the beach without us.
Men and women get on the bus and it starts.
It takes them to the city: it stops and they get out of it.

paying-the-conductor

She’s paying the conductor
and he’s giving her a ticket.

giving-him-an-apple

He’s asking her for an apple
and she’s giving him an apple.

show-me-your-ticket

The inspector is saying
“Show me your ticket.”

showing-him-the-ticket

Now the man is showing
him the ticket.

The conductor comes to me. He says “Fares, please.” I give him the money and he gives me a ticket.
The inspector says “Show me your ticket.” I show him my ticket.
WE SAY
I give ( him or the conductor ) the money.
I give ( the money or it ) to ( the conductor or him. )
He gives me a ticket. He gives a ticket to me.
I show ( him or the inspector ) my ticket.
l show ( my ticket or it ) to ( him or the inspector. )
The teacher gives us the exercises.
He gives them to us.
The father reads his children a book.
He reads it to them.
I’ll show my friend my new lawnmower.
I’ll show it to him.
She buys the children ice-cream. She buys it for them.

Peter is a person. Men, women and children are people.
A cup is a thing. Cups, tables, books and stones are things.
A dog is an animal. Dogs, tigers, cats and kittens are animals.
“Time” is a word. “Time”, “learn”, “pretty”, “big” are words.
Carol is a person. Richard and Carol are people.
I like her. I like them.
A cake is a thing. Books and letters are things.
I like it. I like them.

A PERSON

a-person

WHO? … HE SHE

A THING

a-thing

WHAT? … IT

AN ANIMAL

an-animal

WHAT? … IT

A WORD

a-word

WHAT? … IT

BEFORE . . . AFTER

Wednesday is before Thursday. Thursday is after Wednesday.
November is before December. December is after November.

before-3

Before 3 o’clock

after-3

After 3 o’clock

wedding

Before the wedding – After the wedding

BEHIND . . . IN FRONT OF

in-front-of-the-house

The car is in front of the house.
The tree is behind the house.

behind-the-counter

The grocer is behind the counter.
The woman is in front of it.

OF

YOU KNOW
a box of apples a
pound of potatoes.
NOW LEARN
a pair of gloves, shorts, shoes, etc.

a pair of
trousers

trousers

a pair of
nylon stockings

stockings

a pair of
scissors

scissors

a pair of
shears

shears

teapot

the lid of the
kettle

kettle

the lid of the
teapot

garden-fork

the handle of the
garden fork

saucepan

the handle of
the saucepan

hammer

the handle of
the hammer

saw

the handle of
the saw

table

the top

the legs

the top of the table, the
legs of the table but
(John’s legs.)

clock

the hands

the face

the face of the clock, the hands
of the clock but
(John’s face, hands)

nail
the head of the nail
(but John’s head)
needle
the eye
of the needle
(buts John’s eyes)

WHAT’S THE MATTER ? WHAT’S THE TROUBLE? WHAT’S WRONG?

What’s the matter?
What’s the trouble?
What’s wrong (with him)?
– He’s sick. He has a cold.

sick

What’s the trouble?
What’s wrong with her?
She has a cough and her head is hot.
She has influenza (flu).

has-influenza

What’s the trouble?
– The carburetor isn’t
working well. I’m fixing it.

carburettor
clock-isnt-working.The clock isn’t working.
I’m fixing (mending) it.
the-shoes
What’s wrong with the shoes?
They want new heels.

I’m mending the leg of the chair.
She’s mending that pair of stockings.
He’s mending that pair of shoes.
I’m fixing the door of the cupboard.

Lesson tags: after, animal, before, behind, cough, fixing, for, grocer, handle, heels, in front of, inspector, lawnmower, mending, needle, people, person, potatoes, saw, stone, to, What’s the matter, What’s the trouble, What’s up, What’s wrong
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