Grammar Lessons 21 and 22

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WHOSE?

his-car

Helen is talking. She’s saying: “This is Philip’s car. It’s my husband’s car. It’s his car.”

her-canary

Philip is saying: “This is Helen’s canary. It’s my wife’s canary. It’s her canary.”

chris-pistol

This is Christopher’s pistol. It’s a child’s pistol. It’s Richard’s son’s pistol.

susans-rattle

This is Susan’s rattle. It’s a baby’s rattle. It’s Carol’s baby’s rattle.

puppy-bone
This is a boy’s puppy. It’s Michael’s puppy. It’s his puppy. The puppy’s name is Spot. (puppy = young dog)
doll
This is a girl’s doll. It’s Joan’s doll. It’s her doll. The doll’s name is Marilyn.
kettle
Whose kettle is this? It’s Carol’s kettle. It’s Carol’s.
tie
Whose tie is this? It’s Mr Smith’s tie. It’s Mr Smith’s.

QUESTION... ANSWER

Whose bike is this?… It’s that boy’s bike.
Whose book is that?… It’s my friend’s book.
Whose clothes are these?… They’re your sister’s clothes.
Whose pencils are those?… They’re my son’s pencils.

The boy’s racquet

boy-racquet

a boy

The boyS’ racquets

boys-raquets

four boys

IN A CLASSROOM

class

Whose head is it? It’s the teacher’s head.

Whose heads are they? They’re the students’ heads.

IN A TOY SHOP

Boy’S toys

Girl’S Toys

toy-story

Boys’ toys and girls’ toys are children’s toys.

SINGULAR
1 woman – a woman’s hat
1 man – a man’s coat
1 child – a child’s toy

PLURAL
2 women – women’s hats
4 men – men’s coats
5 children – children’s toys

a child‘s bike – children‘s bikes
a boy‘S bike – boyS’ bikes
a man‘S bike – men‘S bikes
a girl‘S bike – girlS’ bikes

frasers-tv

Here is the Frasers’ TV set.
Philip likes the news and men’s programmes.
Helen likes women’s programmes.

Women’s clothes

Blouse and Skirt

blouse-and-skirt

Stockings

stockings

a woman’s jumper

jumper

Men’s clothes

shirt and trousers

shirt-trousers

suit

suit

socks

socks

a man’s jumper (pullover)

mans-jumper

shorts

shorts

a cotton or nylon dress

nylon-dress

a cotton or nylon coat It’s light.

nylon-coat

Winter clothes

an overcoat

overcoat

a woolen dress

woollen-dress

a woolen coat It’s heavy.

woollen-coat

dry-cleaner

It’s cold in winter. We wear warm clothes.
We can’t always wash winter clothes.
We take these clothes to the dry cleaner’s.

HEAVY... LIGHT

tree-is-heavy
This tree is heavy! he can’t carry it easily.
tree-is-light
This tree is light! he can carry it very easily.
bill-baker lucy-baker mr-williams mrs-williams
Mr (Bill) Baker +
(“Grandfather”)
Mrs (Lucy) Baker
(“Grandmother”)
Mr Williams +
(“Grandfather”)
Mrs Williams
(“Grandmother”)
joiner joiner
bob-baker john-baker jean-baker rita-williams
Mr Bob Baker
(John’s brother)
Mr John Baker +
(the father)
Mrs Jean Baker
(the mother)
Miss Rita Williams
(Jean’s sister)
2-joiner 3-joiner
tom-jane paul mary baby
Tom and Jane
(Paul’s, Mary’s and
Stephen’s cousins)
Paul
(John’s son:
Mary’s brother)
Mary
(John’s daughter:
Stephen Paul’s sister)
baby

Bill Baker is John Baker’s father and Paul’s and Mary’s and Stephen’s grandfather.
Mrs Williams is Jean Baker’s mother and Paul’s and Mary’s and Stephen’s grandmother.
Bob Baker is John Baker’s brother and Paul’s and Mary’s and Stephen’s uncle.
Lass Rita Williams is Jean Baker’s sister and Paul’s and Mary’s and Stephen’s aunt.
Tom is Uncle Bob’s son and Paul’s and Mary’s and Stephen’s cousin.
Jane is Uncle Bob’s daughter and Paul’s and Mary’s and Stephen’s cousin.

THE BAKER FAMILY

baker

Grandfather (Bill) Grandmother (Lucy) Baker.
They’re John Baker’s parents
They’re the children’s grandparents.

williams

Grandfather Grandmother Williams.
They’re Jean Baker’s parents.
They’re the children’s grandparents.

john

John Baker

jean

Jean Baker

They’re Paul’s and Mary’s and Stephen’s parents.

lil-paul

Paul

lil-mary

Mary

lil-baby

Baby Stephen

Baby Stephen is Paul’s and Mary’s brother.

lil-bob-baker

Mr Bob Baker. He’s John Baker’s brother and Paul’s and Mary’s and Stephen’s uncle.

lil-rita-williams

Miss Rita Williams. She’s Jean Baker’s sister and Paul’s and Mary’s and Stephen’s aunt.

lil-tom-baker

Tom Baker. He’s Bob Baker’s son. He’s Jane’s brother.

lil-jane-baker

Jane Baker. She’s Bob Baker’s daughter. She’s Tom’s sister.

QUESTIONS

Am I OR Aren’t I
you
we
they
Are you
we
they
Is he
she
it
Isn’t he
she
it

 NOTE Am I?… BUT Aren’t I?

Is he working?… Yes, he’s working.
OR
No, he isn’t working.
Isn’t he working?… No, he isn’t working.
OR
Yes, he’s working.
Are they listening?… Yes, they’re listening.
OR
No, they aren’t listening.
Aren’t they listening?… No, they aren’t listening.
OR
Yes, they’re listening.

SHORT ANSWERS

Is /Isn’t she making coffee?… Yes, she’s making coffee.
Yes, she is. NOT: Yes, she’s.
Is / Isn’t Paul having breakfast?… No, he isn’t having breakfast.
No, he isn’t.
Are / Aren’t they getting dressed?… Yes, they’re getting dressed.’
Yes, they are. NOT: Yes, they’re
Are / Aren’t the children ready?… No, they aren’t ready.
No, they aren’t.
Are / Aren’t you ready… No, I’m not ready
No, I’m not. NEVER: No, I amn’t

Is he a careful driver?… Yes, he is.
Is Mary at school?… No, she isn’t.
Isn’t that Peter’s dog?… No, it isn’t.
Are the students busy?… Yes, they are.
Are you tired?… No, we aren’t.
Aren’t the children happy?… Yes, they are.

dustbin
Is this a dustbin?
Yes, it is.
hat
Is this a dustbin?
No, it isn’t. It’s a woman’s hat.
paying-for-the-ticket
He wants to catch a train.
Is he paying for the ticket?
Yes, he is.
paying-for-the-tickets
Is she paying for the tickets?
No, she isn’t.
Her husband always pays.

Are these boys playing tennis?
No, they aren’t.
Are they playing cowboys?
Yes, they are.

cowboys

RIGHT WRONG

Teacher What are two and two, Johnnie?
Johnnie Four.
Teacher That’s right. Now, Michael, what are two and three?
Michael Six.
Teacher That’s wrong. That’s a mistake. Two and three are five.
Barbara There are kangaroos in Australia.
Teacher Yes, that’s right. Barbara.
Christine And there are lions too.
Teacher No, there aren’t, Christine. You’re wrong. That’s a mistake.
Husband What’s this? Is it a saucepan?
Wife No, it isn’t… you’re wrong. It’s my new hat.
What’s that? An old book ?
Husband No, you’re wrong. It’s my good tie.

Lesson tags: aunt, bikes, blouse, cool, cousins, doll, dustbin, grandfather, grandmother, grandparents, heads, jumper, kettle, nylon, overcoat, parents, pullover, puppy, shorts, stops, suit, tie, train, wait, wear, wrong
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